Research Article Format Apa Bibliography
For details on how to cite technical and research reports look under section 7.03 in the APA Publication Manual, starting on page 205.
Basic reference list format for a print report
Author Last Name, First Initial. (Year). Title (Report No. #). Location: PublisherName.
Basic reference list format for an online report
Author Last Name, First Initial. (Year). Title (Report No. #). Retrieved from [Insert Organization Name and URL for the report]
- If there is a name of a person listed as an author, list them as the author for your in-text and reference list citations. When there is not author listed use the organization name as a corporate author.
- If the organization that published the report issued a number be sure to include that in parentheses right after the title.
- Technical and research reports might not be peer-reviewed. If you require peer-reviewed sources use reports with caution.
Referencing journals in APA
This page outlines the correct format for journal articles in an APA reference list:
New to referencing? See the introduction to referencing.
Order: author(s), year of publication, article title (not in italics), journal name (in italics), volume number (in italics), issue number, and the page number range of the article.
- The name of the journal goes in italics, but the name of the article does not.
- The name of the journal has an upper-case letter for all words except trivial ones (‘of’, ‘in’, etc.).
- The volume number is in italics. The issue number follows it, in brackets but not in italics. The issue number is only included if each issue begins on page 1.
- The page number range includes the first and last page of the full article, not just the pages you used.
- Something missing? More than one author? See referencing elements for answers to common issues.
Order: author(s), year of publication, article title (not in italics), journal name (in italics), volume number (in italics), issue number, page number range of the article (if available), URL or journal home page.
The earlier (5th) edition of APA formats this differently. See 5th vs. 6th for details.
Some journals use a DOI (digital object identifier) to uniquely identify the article. If it is available, the DOI should be used instead of a URL:
See DOI for details.
Magazine or newspaper article
Magazine articles and newspaper articles follow the same format as journal articles, with a few alterations. See the section on referencing other material for details.
References and further reading
American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. [Massey Library link]
These pages are provided as a guide to proper referencing. Your course, department, school, or institute may prescribe specific conventions, and their recommendations supersede these instructions. If you have questions not covered here, check in the style guide listed above, ask your course coordinator, or ask at Academic Q+A.
Page authorised by Director, CTL
Last updated on 7 February, 2018
Castles, F. G., Curtin, J. C., & Vowles, J. (2006). Public policy in Australia and New Zealand: The new global context. Australian Journal of Political Science, 41(2), 131–143.
Hsing, Y., Baraya, A., & Budden, M. (2005). Macroeconomic policies and economic growth: The case of Costa Rica. Journal of Applied Business Research, 21(2), 105–112. Retrieved from http://journals.cluteonline.com/index.php/JABR/
Gelkopf, M., Ryan, P., Cotton, S., & Berger, R. (2008). The impact of “training the trainers” for helping tsunami-survivor children on Sri Lankan disaster volunteer workers. International Journal of Stress Management, 15(2), 117–135. https://doi.org/10.1037/1072-5245.15.2.117