World War One Causes Essay
Show MoreWorld War I, also known as the First World War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918. From the time of its occurrence until the approach of World War II, it was called simply the World War or the Great War, and thereafter the First World War or World War I. In America, it was initially called the European War. More than 9 million combatants were killed; a casualty rate exacerbated by the belligerents' technological and industrial sophistication, and tactical stalemate. It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history, paving the way for major political changes, including revolutions in many of the nations involved.
The war drew in all the world's great economic powers, which were…show more content…
This was caused because of militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism. The four main causes that started the first world war. Militarism was one of the causes of the causes of the World War 1. Militarism is a belief that a strong military/defense is important for a country to be successful. One example is that Robert E. Lee, an American career military officer, one said, “ I and the army were born for one another”. The Origins of the First World War suggest that Emile Zola thought war is important for the country to be successful because the author wrote, “ War is life itself. Nothing exists in nature,is born, grows or multiplies except by combat”(Document 1). This primary source helps explain militarism was an underlying cause of the war because it states with war, you can gain success and prosperity. The Origins of the First World War suggest that james joll thought that without a strong army and navy, heir country will be powerless, because in the text it states, “We realize that without power, without a strong army and a strong navy, there can be no welfare for us”(Document 8). This primary source helps explain militarism was an underlying cause of the war because it is suggesting the reader that without a powerful defense, there would be no welfare.
Alliances were one of the other main causes of the World War 1. Alliances was a strong positive relationship between countries that provide
The Main Causes of World War 1 Essay
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Great War, also known as The First World War, lasted for four year (1914 to 1918). It brought a huge development of war technics and weapons. More number of countries had been involved in the Great War than any previous war. It involved the mobilization of the whole nations, not just an enormous army that turned the war into a “total war”. (Clare 6) However, historians are still arguing about the major cause of the World War I. The major cause will be one of the four long-term causes of WWI, which are Militarism, Alliance, Imperialism, and Nationalism. In my opinion, the two major causes would be Alliance and Nationalism. Alliance is an association between two or more countries for mutual benefits that formed with different treaties, while…show more content…
Bismarck’s alliance system brought peace between the European countries. (Stewart, Fitzgerald, Pickard 12) His alliance system starts with a treaty with Austria-Hungary who was one of the 5 powers in Europe. In 1879, Germany and Austria-Hungary signed the Dual Alliance, which was planned as a merely defensive arrangement or military alliance. Both governments promised that they should help or remain neutral when other powerful countries such as Russia or France attack. (Stewart, Fitzgerald, Pickard 13) The second allied country was with Italy. In 1882, Bismarck turns Dual Alliance into Triple Alliance by making Italy to join in his alliance system. Since Italy had close friendship with Great Britain, although Italy was not a strong military nation, it was an influential part of the Alliance. And at the same time, Great Britain and Germany had conflict in North Africa on colonial aspiration. Therefore, it was the perfect time to be an ally with her to isolate France. (Stewart, Fitzgerald, Pickard 14) Making Great Britain as a close friend was a benefit for Germany. Bismarck’s next target to isolate France was Russia. In 1881, the Dreikaiserbund was made a treaty, which was the agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia promising not to help the fourth power, France. However in 1884, this treaty had renewed and Russia refused to renew her membership in Dreikaiserbund. Then Bismarck discussed the Reinsurance Treaty with